Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is famous for its medieval old town and vibrant nightlife. Recently, many elegant places to eat and drink have appeared in Tallinn, many of which offer good food, and it is not difficult to find a place to dance. Those traveling outside the city will get to know our beautiful countryside (for example, Estonia is known as the land of 1,000 islands), the long seaside, picturesque German Baltic manor houses and so on.
There are not many cities whose face was designed in the twenty-first century instead of the eighteenth or nineteenth century.
Tallinn is located in northern Europe, in the northeastern part of the Baltic Sea region. Its unique location among the high-tech northern European countries and Russia, which has made its huge natural resources as well as its huge market, the city an attractive place for investors from all over the world. Foreign investment in Estonia amounted to 189.7 billion kronor as of June 2004, making Estonia the most successful country in Eastern Europe in this regard.
Distances from some European cities (by plane):
o Helsinki 82 km
– Riga 280 km
St. Petersburg 315 km
Stockholm 380 km
Copenhagen and Moscow 860 km
Berlin 1030 km.
Cultural events in Tallinn
The most important summer event in Tallinn is the old town days in the first week of June. In December, the Black Nights Film Festival brings this year the best European movies to Tallinn, and there are plenty of other annual cultural events like Jazzkaar, Orient, NYYD and more.
About half of Estonia’s GDP is produced in Tallinn (and its environs) and over half of the foreign-owned companies reside here. The economy supports close ties with Finland and Sweden and a liberal economy favourable to foreign investment. The rapid development of telecom infrastructure has created a situation where mobile and internet technologies are used more widely by some of the largest and richer EU countries (for example, Internet banking is used by more than 10% of the population, and active Internet users are more than 50% of the total population, every Estonian second has a mobile phone etc.,
E-government and e-tax system etc.). The expected economic growth for this year was 5.9%. Estonia’s GNP per capita in 2004 was 40% of the average of the European Union (39% in Lithuania, 34% in Latvia).
Tallinn has a population of about 400,000 people, half of whom are Estonians 40% of Russians and 10% of other nationalities. You probably didn’t know that there are more than 120 nationalities living in Estonia. The main ethnic groups are Russians, Belarusians, Ukrainians, Finns, Tatars, Latvians, Poles, Jews, Lithuanians, Germans and Armenians. Basically, every third person of Estonia speaks another language.
The tenth-century: The ancient Estonians actually established the central trading point on the coast of the Gulf of Finland.
1219: the Danes invaded northern Estonia. Led by King Valdemar II, who later founded a stone castle in Tumbia – a multinational city growing around it.
1248: Tallinn acquires township rights.
o 1219-1346: the Danish period. A network of streets forms within the town wall, with union houses, churches, monasteries, warehouses and defence buildings.
1347-1561: the Levon system functions as king; The construction of the old city was completed with the main stone buildings.
o 1561-1710: Sweden’s commercial success in Tallinn faded due to protracted wars.
1710: Tallinn surrenders to the Russian army (Great Northern War).
1857: There was an important development in the town’s development due to the loss of its stronghold and the construction of a railway line to St. Petersburg. Rapid industrial development begins, resulting in the city’s rapid growth.
February 24, 1918: The Estonian Rescue Committee declares the independent Democratic Republic of Estonia. The new government must immediately organize a defence against the attacking Russian Bolshevik forces and begin the Estonian War of Independence. It ends in 1920.